Pomegranate

1PomegranatePomegranate is a popular exotic fruit and it is basically originated from Middle East and Asia. Pomegranates are 3 to 4 inches in diameter and round to oblong in shape. The skin is leathery in texture and orange to orange-red in colour.

The edible portion of the fruit is the juicy red flesh and there are many seeds inside the fruit making it difficult to eat. The pulp surrounding the seeds is very delicious and has a tangy flavour. Each of the interior seeds is surrounded by a semi-sweet pulp both the seeds and pulp are embedded in a clear membrane.

Fresh pomegranates are available for purchase from August through November. While purchasing pomegranates, it shall be made sure that the fruit is firm to the touch and that the skin of the fruit does not have a dull finish.

There are varieties of pomegranates available in the market but the most common types include Balegal, Early Wonderful, Fleshman, Green Globe, Phoenicia, Wonderful, and others. It contains many beneficial nutritional properties, as it does not contain any fat, cholesterol, or sodium. Additionally, they provide an excellent source of vitamin C and of fibre.

Nutritional Value

The nutritional value of 100g of pomegranate is as follows

  • Energy – 285 kJ (68 kcal)
  • Carbohydrates – 17.17 g
  • Sugars – 16.57 g
  • Dietary fibre – 0.6 g
  • Fat – 0.3 g
  • Protein – 0.95 g
  • Thiamine (Vit. B1) – 0.030 mg (2%)
  • Riboflavin (Vit. B2) – 0.063 mg (4%)
  • Niacin (Vit. B3) – 0.300 mg (2%)
  • Pantothenic acid (B5) – 0.596 mg (12%)
  • Vitamin B6 – 0.105 mg (8%)
  • Folate (Vit. B9) – 6 μg (2%)
  • Vitamin C – 6.1 mg (10%)
  • Calcium – 3 mg (0%)
  • Iron – 0.30 mg (2%)
  • Magnesium – 3 mg (1%)
  • Phosphorus – 8 mg (1%)
  • Potassium – 259 mg (6%)
  • Zinc – 0.12 mg (1%)

Scientific Classification

The scientific classification of pomegranate is as follows

  • Kingdom – Plantae
  • Division – Magnoliophyta
  • Class - Magnoliopsida
  • Subclass – Rosidae
  • Order – Myrtales
  • Family – Lythraceae
  • Genus – Punica
  • Species – P. granatum
  • Binomial name - Punica granatum